Background of the G.N. Romanov Rehabilitation Centre.
In the mid eighties of what is now the previous century, thanks to the wealth of scientific resources in Leningrad, several research institutes, most notably the Military Medical Academy, the Kirov Postgraduate Medical School and the Pediatric University, obtained data that revolutionized our understanding of the nature and character of such severe illnesses as asthma and the consequences of cerebral damage.
These revolutionary scientific results provided a foundation for the development of non pharmacological rehabilitation methods. Apoplexy, infantile cerebral palsy, spinal cord damage and asthma were no longer to be considered incurable.
The application of these methods was limited only by the lack of proper facilities and programs for their use. It is absolutely necessary to make these rehabilitation techniques a complete way of life during the rehabilitation period, typically between three and twelve months.
Only in 1989, when the Charitable Institution Act was issued, did we gain the opportunity to practice these techniques. The Medical Rehabilitation Centre was established on the first of November, 1989.
A group of doctors and medical staff, medical students and other volunteers joined the St Petersburg charitable institutions to begin implementation of these revolutionary rehabilitation techniques in a timely and systematic fashion. All patients were treated free of charge.
Priority was given to children because they are the most vulnerable members of society.
In 1991 the society “Youth for Charity,” under the guidance of Alexei Lushnikov, organized a “Charity Caravan” for fund-raising in Europe. The funds were intended for the creation of our rehabilitation centre.
Gennady Nikolayevich Romanov travelling with a group of Charity Caravan doctors made the acquaintance of Mrs Maria von Moltke in Hamburg.
Mrs. Maria von Moltke told us her family story:
“ My parents were of Russian origin. My mother's family (d'Andre) were originally French but had lived for several generations in Russia and some had been favored as wards of Tsarina Maria Alexeyevna. My grandfather became a military engineer, which was a great surprise to everyone; his brother Victor was Anna Pavlova’s husband. His two other brothers and his sister disappeared in the course of the Revolution. My father studied in St. Petersburg. After the Revolution my father, at the age of 16, came to Murmansk on foot. He then went to sea for two years. He met my mother in Belgrade, where I was born. In 1944 my parents, aged 49, moved to America via Austria. My father began his career in the “Chekhov Publishing House,” and later started his own business. As for myself, I graduated from the University of Yelsk and have a business of my own.”
Acquaintance with Maria von Moltke has became the key developmental milestone for the Centre. In 1998 our institution gained the status of an official Charity Fund. It is worthwhile noting that the Fund and the Rehabilitation Centre form a single entity.
There are only four similar establishments in the world (an oncological clinic in the USA, two hospitals in Germany, and our Rehabilitation Centre), where the budget of a medical institution depends primarily on donations.
Our Charity Fund – Medical Centre was established on the following principles:
-the existence of effective rehabilitation techniques for patients with bronchial asthma
or with central and peripheral nervous system damage (infantile paralysis, spinal
-no restriction on the number of treatment courses or the duration of rehabilitation;
-extensive daily exercises during the required course of treatment;
-defining medical rehabilitation as the appearance of capabilities in the patient that had
previously been considered impossible. For example, after a three month course of
rehabilitation a patient who had been diagnosed with bronchial asthma reported that his
attacks had ceased and he began to go in for sports;
-pursuing research to substantiate and improve current methods of rehabilitation;
-emergence of the first charitable foundation in the USSR;
-raising funds from multiple sources: charitable contributions;
goal-oriented programs, do-it-yourself economic activity.
The aim of the Fund and the Centre it supports is to help children with locomotor difficulties and CNS damage from various causes, including trauma and infantile cerebral palsy, regain a state of health as close as possible to that of children of the same age. This requires prolonged and complex daily exercises focused on specific functional systems and restoration of the medium and large weight-bearing joints.
Our objective is to integrate the child gradually into society by giving him the ability to sit, to stand and to walk without assistance. Those children who have acquired adequate motor skills can attend a conventional comprehensive secondary school or preschool kindergarten for healthy children.
It is worthwhile noting that most of our patients come from low income families where only one parent is capable of working. More often than not, these are in fact one-parent families. Such considerations give our project additional social importance.
Providing researchers at the St Petersburg Academy of Pediatrics with an opportunity to evaluate different rehabilitation methods, The G.N. Romanov Centre” has from the start attempted to synthesize the latest rehabilitation research into a uniform system.
The author's techniques as applied in our Centre provide the most complete medical rehabilitation currently possible. “A Method of rehabilitation for children with central and peripheral nervous system damage” was patented in the Invention State Register on December 27, 1996, patent № 2070816.
The methodology “Rehabilitation for children with central and peripheral nervous system damages” is approved by Mr. M.D. Dydur, the St. Petersburg Administration’s chief public health expert on the topic of “Remedial Gymnastics and Sports Medicine”. This methodology was also approved for a teaching manual for training specialists in remedial gymnastics and reparative medicine by Mr. V.E. Zholobov, the St. Petersburg Administration’s First Deputy Chairman of the Public Health Committee on December 28, 2007.